The ensemble of park and palaces Alexandria was the country residence of the tsar?s family in 1830-1917. The residence got the title Alexandria in honour of the wife of the Emperor Nicolay I ? Alexandra Fyodorovna. Nicolay I gave Alexandria as a present to his wife in 1825.
In 1826 the architect A.Menelaws began the Building of the Cottage palace in the style of English Gothic and the development of the layout of the landscape park. The Cottage palace was finished in 1829. The ?Farm? was constructed for giving romantic features to Alexandria in 1829-31. Till 1859 the Farm was reconstructed by A.Stackenschneider several times and in the result it was remodeled as the summer palace of the future Emperor Alexander II.
The park was formed by P.Ehrler. The landscape park occupied the territory of 115 hectares and consisted of hills, alleys, different kind of trees. The Ruin Bridge was thrown across the deep ravine. At that time the Gothic Chapel or the Church of St. Alexander Nevsky was raised in the neo-gothic style. The last construction of the park was the Lower palace of the Emperor Nicolay II or the Lower Datcha.
In 1920-30-s the museum complex of Alexandria was formed. In 1941-44 Alexandria suffered from the German invaders. The Lower Datcha was completely destroyed. Nowadays the most part of Alexandria has been restored, but the Lower Datcha lays in disruption.
The Cottage Palace
Alexandria Park is situated to the east of the Lower Park of Peterhof and separated from it by the wall. Alexandria was created to the wife of Nicolay I ? Alexandra Fyodorovna and was titled in her honour.
Church of St Alexander Nevsky (the Gothic Chapel)
One of the attractions of the Alexandria park is St. Alexander Nevsky?s Church. It is the orthodox church, projected in the style of neo-gothic and that?s why the church got its second title ? the Gothic Chapel.