Kostroma is a city on the bank of the Volga River, founded in the XII century. The foundation of the city is connected with activity of the prince Yury Longarms in 1152. The first record of Kostroma is dated to the XII century. In the middle ages the city was a part of an appanage princedom. In the XIII-XIV the city grew and fortified its positions: the Ipatyevsky and Nicolo-Babaevsky cloisters were erected as fortresses.
In 1346 Kostroma became a part of Moscow princedom. In 1419 there were created the Kremlin of Kostroma and a first stone building ? the Assumption cathedral. In the Interlunation Kostroma was attacked by Poles and captured. In 1613 in Kostroma Michael Romanov was called for reign and that date became the foundation of new ruling dynasty. Romanov?s family always remembered about the role of Kostroma in their lives. They helped the city, developed and enriched it. By the XVIII century the city turned into trade and handicraft centre. By the order of the Empress Catherine II there were constructed rows of stalls and different civil buildings. The centre of the city was adorned with building, erected in the style of classicism. Under Nicolay I in Kostroma the monuments of the first tsar of Romanovs dynasty and of national hero Ivan Susanin were placed.
The beginning of the XX century became time of active social and economical development. At soviet times industry and mechanical engineering took first place in the city. Nowadays Kostroma is a wonderful city with the variety of churches and temples, cloisters and chapels, theatres and civil buildings.
The attractions of Kostroma
Kostroma is beautiful city, reflecting the history of Russian culture. At times of monarchy it was a centre of religious culture but at soviet times the city was hardly suffered of the soviet policy: atheism. Different wonderful churches, chapels, temples and cathedrals, cloisters were destroyed. Nowadays in Kostroma there are about 20 churches. The main of them is the church of the Saviour in rows of stalls. The other churches of Kostroma are the church of the Resurrection, the church of St. John Silver-tongued, the church of St. Alexey ? the man of God, the church of St. John the Divine, the church of St. Alexander and St. Antonina, the church of the icon of the Mother of God ?The tsarina of everything? and many others.
3 cloisters also tell about the religious history of Russia. The Ipatyevsky cloister was an orthodox friary, created in 1432. The centre of the friary was the Trinity cathedral with belfry. In the XVI century the cloister was under protection of the family of Godunovs and in the beginning of the XVII century Michael Romanov lived here. In 1958 the friary was turned into museum and in 1989 began the rebirth of the cloister. Nowadays the complex of the cloister includes the Trinity cathedral, belfry, bishop?s house, the chambers of boyar Romanovs and cells. The other famous cloister is Nicolo-Babaevsky friary. It was founded in the XV century on the place called Babayki. The history of the friary is connected with the name of Russian poet N.Nekrasov. The centre of the cloister is the cathedral of St. Nicolas. The third cloister is the nunnery of the Epiphany. In the XVI century the stone cathedral of the Epiphany was erected. In the XVII century there were created the church of the John the Divine, the church of the Meeting of the God, the temple of St. Sergy Radonezhsky. In the style of the baroque the church of St. Nicolas was erected in the XVIII century.
The historical centre of the city presents the architectural ensemble of the XVIII-XIX centuries. Tourists can see the ensemble of the square of Susanin that includes Guardhouse, free-observation, Office, and the house of S.Borschov. The rows of stalls (floury, fish and others) also aroused great interest. It is interesting to visit the museum of Romanovs, the building of the Noble Meeting and the building of the dramatic theatre. One can also see different monuments, created at soviet times such as the house of communication, the railway station and many others. Kostroma amazes tourists with its wonderful views, with its churches and cloisters, with its buildings, created in style that can be called the style of provincial classicism.