Old Ladoga is a village in Leningrad?s region. According to legend, Ladoga was the first capital of Russia. It was founded in 753, but the archeological finds said that there was a settlement of Scandinavians on that place before the VIII century. In 830-s Ladoga was captured by Varangians and became a trade center of that region. In 870 a first fortress was erected in Ladoga that became a part of the famous trade path ? ?From Varangians to Greeks?.
In 1116 a stone fortress was constructed on the place of the old wooden fortress. During 6 centuries Ladoga always waged wars against Swedish kingdom and was one of the main military outposts of Russia. In 1703 Peter I ordered to create New Ladoga, and Ladoga was renamed in Old Ladoga and lost its status of town. From that time Old Ladoga became a village with long history and interesting sightseeing.
The attractions of Old Ladoga
There are the variety of different attractions in Old Ladoga that can amaze tourists. The fortress of Old Ladoga is supposed to be the main attraction of the village. It was constructed in the XII century as a strong point against Swedish forces. The fortress was destroyed and reconstructed several times. Nowadays one can see the old Russian fortress that was created in the XVI century when firearm became in common use.
The other attraction of Old Ladoga is Assumption cloister, erected in 1156 as a friary. In the XVI century the cloister turned into a nunnery. The first wife of the Emperor Peter the Great ? Evdokiya Lopukhina was immured into the nunnery by the order of her husband. Under Nicolay I the wives of the Decembrists (participants of the uprising against the Emperor Nicolay I in 1825) were also immured here. The dominant of the nunnery is Assumption cathedral, adorned with wall-paintings and frescos.
In Old Ladoga tourists also can visit the cloister of St. Nicolas. The cloister is supposed to have been founded by Alexandr Nevsky after his victory over Swedes in the Battle on the ice in 1240. The first record of the cloister is dated to the XV century. Nowadays the cloister is more a ruin than a complex of buildings, but keeps its fascination. Tourists can touch the ancient history of Russia and visit the burial mounds of the princes and aristocrats of the ancient Russia.