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Pavlovsk

Pavlovsk

Pavlovsk was bestowed on the grand duke Pavel Petrovich and his wife Maria Fyodorovna by the Empress Catherine II. Two country cottages ? Paullust and Marientahl ? were created for the grand-ducal couple in 1778. In 1780 Catherine II ordered Ch.Cameron to turn Pavlovsk into the grand-ducal residence.

In 1786 Cameron finished the building of Pavlovsky palace and the first layout of Pavlovsky park. In 1788 Pavel gave Pavlovsk as a gift to his wife and since then Maria Fyodorovna took care of widening and decoration of the park and the palace. In 1796 Pavlovsk became an imperial residence because of the accession to the throne of Pavel I. The architect V.Brenna finished the building of the palace and was occupied with creation of the park ensemble.

After Pavel?s death in 1801 Pavlovsk became the residence of the Widow Empress and the flourishing of the ensemble of palaces and parks fell on that time. G.Quarenghi, A.Voronikhin, C.Rossi and P.Gonzago participated in the decoration works of the palace and in the finishing of the park ensemble. In 1828 the Widow Empress died and it was a decline of Pavlovsk. After that Pavlovsk was constantly handed over to the grand dukes of Romanovs house. In 1918 the ensemble of Pavlovsk was nationalized and since 1926 the palace was used as a storehouse. During Second World War Pavlovsk was occupied by the German forces. The park was damaged and the palace was burnt down, but the most part of valuable was taken out. In 1946 the restoration of Pavlovsk began. Pavlovsk got a status of culture preserve and the UNESCO gave the ensemble a status of the world heritage.

The ensemble of Pavlovsk consists of Pavlovsky park and Pavlovsky palace. Pavlovsky park is a landscape park that occupies the territory of 543 hectares. It is one of the largest parks in the world. Park is divided into 7 parts: the Great Star, the Valley of the Slavyanka River, the Old Silvia, the New Silvia, the Gala Field, the White Birch and the Palace area. The composition of the park is formed with pavilions, designed in the classical and the bucolic styles, different memorials, bridges and marble and bronze sculptures. Pavlovsky palace is the semantic center of the park.

Valley of the Slavianka River
Valley of the Slavianka River

Pavlovsky park is divided into 7 parts. The most interesting of them is the valley of the Slavyanka River. The Slavyanka River formed the basis of the landscape park. It is interesting that different architects ? Ch.Cameron, V.Brenna, K.Rossi, A.Voronikhin and K.Visconti - took part in the creation of the valley of the Slavyanka River.


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Palace
Palace

In the centre of Pavlovsky park on the hill stands Pavlovsky Palace. The palace is a result of many years? work of different architects ? Ch.Cameron, V.Brenna, A.Voronikhin, P.Gozaga and K.Rossi. At first the central building of the palace with the plane dome and two curved galleries, forming the court in the form of a horse shoe, were built by Ch.Cameron. After the coronation of Pavel I in 1796 the Emperor ordered to enlarge the palace.


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The Palace Section
The Palace Section

The Palace part of Pavlovsky park, located in the centre of the park, consists of the ensemble of Pavlovsky Palace, Her Majesty?s Own Garden, the Pavilion of Three Graces and the Triple Lime Tree Alley. Pavlovsky Palace is the building, designed in the style of classicism. The ensemble of the palace includes Pavlovsky palace, St.Peter and Paul?s Church and the monument of Pavel I.


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Forest Areas
Forest Areas

Pavlovsky park is divided into 7 parts. The valley of the Slavyanka River and the Palace part of the park are the central areas of Pavlovsky park. But there are the other 5 parts of the park: Gala Field, Old Silvia, New Silvia, White Birch and Great Star. The Gala Field is a landscape area with a pond and the island in the centre of the pond. This area was designed by P.Gonzaga at the place of the Gala parade ground.


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