Pskov is a city in the north-west of Russia. It is a city that history numbers more than 1100 years. The first record of Pskov is dated to the X century but the archeological finds prove that there was a settlement on that place at the turn of the eras.
The first record of Pskov told us about the Varangian princess Olga (Helga) who was born in Pskov. She married the pagan prince Igor and ruled as a regent over Russia after his death. She was a first Russian ruler who adopted Christianity before the Christening of Kievan Russia. In Pskov one can see the variety of monuments to the princess Olga.
In the XII century the epoch of Republic of Pskov began. The Lithuanian prince Dovmont became a ruler of the lands of Pskov and adopted Christianity. But the main power in the republic belonged to deputies from Novgorod (posadniki). In 1348 the Marsh peace was made and Pskov got independence on Novgorod. In 1510 Pskov lost its independence again and was included in Moscow princedom. From that time Pskov became the main outpost, protecting the borders of Russia from foreign invaders.
After the end of the building of Petersburg Pskov lost military functions and became only a trade center. It is interesting that Pskov was one of the main partners of Hanse from the XV century. In 1777 the province of Pskov was created and the city became its administrative center. In the XIX century industry and economy developed in Pskov actively. In 1917 the Emperor Nicolay II signed abdication in the train, stopped in Pskov. In 1941 the city was captured by German forces and virtually destroyed. Nowadays Pskov has been restored and is one of the most interesting historical cities of Russia for tourists.
The main sightseeing of Pskov
Touring to Pskov, one can see Pskov?s Kremlin that was a political, juridical and spiritual center of the city. Kremlin (Krom) is dated to the XI century and is a fortress that was enabled to protect the residents of the city. In Krom there is Dovmont?s town ? the residence of the prince Dovmont, where were located more than 15 churches and belfries. Nowadays only foundations remained from many of them. The Trinity Cathedral, erected in 1699, is one of the most beautiful temples of Russian architecture. Different relics were kept in the altar of the temple such as the sword of the prince Dovmont.
In Krom one can also see the Form chamber that was constructed in the end of the XVII century. From its porch orders and commands were read out. The other interesting place in the Kremlin is Zakhab (Sleeve) ? a stone trap that was organized for aggressors who wanted to capture the fortress.
Pskov is also well-known with plenty of churches, temples and cloisters. The tourists can visit the Mirogsky cloister that is supposed to be a prototype of Eden on earth. The cloister and its cathedral are adorned with frescos, made by Greek masters. The monument of the prince Alexander Nevsky arouses the great interest of tourists from all over the world.
The reflection of Russian history and spiritual culture one can find in every part of Pskov: in churches and temples, in cloisters and fortresses, in civil buildings and museums, in bridges and rivers.