The country residence of Romanovs family ? Strelna ? was created on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland near the Strelka River. In 1710 Peter I decided to construct here the residence that would be ?the Russian Versailles? but his plans hadn?t come true. In 1716 the Lower Park of Strelna was laid and at the same time the travel Palace of Peter I was created.
In 1720 the building of the Great Palace and the park of Strelna began. In 1722 Peter I gave Strelna as a gift his daughter Elizabeth ? the future Empress. The ensemble of the palaces of Strelna became only a travelling residence of the royal family who lived here some days in a year. At that time Strelna purveyed fruits and vegetables to the royal board and the great collection of wine was kept here.
The flourishing of Strelna fell on the beginning of the XIX century. In 1797 Strelna was bestowed to the grand duke Konstantin Pavlovich ? the son of the Emperor Pavel I. By name of the grand duke the Great Palace and the park of Strelna were called.
Different architects took part in the building of the palace complex of Strelna. B.Rastrelli, N.Miketti, M.Zemtzov, J. Le Blond, L.Ruska, A.Stackenschneider and H. von Meyer worked here. They also worked out the layout of the park and planned terraces and grotto, located at the territory of Konstntinovsky ensemble. In 1917 the ensemble of Strelna was handed over to the museums. In 1941-44 the German forces damaged the architectural complex of Strelna; Konstantinivsky palace got the damages most of all. Nowadays Konstantinovsky palace and park are a part of the state complex ? ?the Palace of Congresses?.
The Konstantinovsky Palace
Konstantinovsky palace was founded on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Peter I was the first proprietor of the palace. In 1797 the Emperor Pavel I gave the palace as a gift to his second son ? Konstantin, that?s why the palace got its modern title.
The Travel Palace of Peter the Great
The Travel palace of Peter I is supposed to be the first architectural construction of Peter's epoch. It was built on the hill not far from the Gulf of Finland. The centre of the palace is the building with the three-cornered pediment and with the portico with the six columns.