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Temples of St.Petersburg

Temples
The Kazan Cathedral
The Kazan Cathedral

The Kazan Cathedral was constructed by A.Voronikhin in 1801-1810 at the Nevsky prospect. The Emperor Pavel I ordered to construct the temple that would be similar to St. Peter?s Cathedral, located in Rome. According to the will of Pavel I, the architect created the northern colonnade, consisting of 96 columns.


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St Isaac
St Isaac's Cathedral

Erected in the name of St. Isaac of Dalmat, St. Isaac?s Cathedral is the first-rate temple in St. Petersburg. The temple was rebuilt three times but the cathedral recovered its modern look only in 1825. The young French architect A. de Monferrand took the liberty of the erecting of the temple.


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The Lutheran Church of St Peter and Paul
The Lutheran Church of St Peter and Paul

The Lutheran Church of St. Peter and Paul, located at the Nevsky prospect, was founded in 1728 on the land, turned over to the Lutheran German community by Peter I. Later the two buildings were constructed near the church. In these buildings there were the habitable premises of the priests and St. Petri-Schule ? one of the main schools in Petersburg. In 1833 the original wooden buildings were demolished and replaced by stone buildings.


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The Choral Synagogue
The Choral Synagogue

The Great Choral Synagogue stands at Lermontov prospect. This spiritual center of the Judaism in Petersburg was constructed in 1893. In the XIX century in Petersburg the Jewish community numbered 10 thousands of the believers. The quantity of the legacy prayer houses was insufficient to satisfy the needs of the whole Jewish community. That?s why the community asked Alexander II to allow building the synagogue.


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The Catholic church of St. Catherine
The Catholic church of St. Catherine

The Catholic church of St. Catherine is located at the Nevsky prospect. Peter I who wanted to draw the representatives of different confessions in Petersburg established the Catholic Parish in 1716. In 1738 the Empress Anna Ioannovna gave a permission to build the Catholic church. The project of the temple was worked out by D. Trezzini, but in 1751 he was compelled to leave Russia and the building of the cathedral was suspended. In 1763 the architect J.B. Valli de la Mothe tried to finish the church.


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Cathedral of St Nicholas
Cathedral of St Nicholas

The Marine Cathedral of St. Nicolas was created on the place of the wooden church of the same name. The barracks where the attendants of the naval department lived were at the territory of the modern temple. Peter I is supposed to have wanted to build the church that would be connected with the fleet. His idea was realized by the Empress Elizabeth who ordered to construct the cathedral on the model of the Astrakhan temple. The architect S.Chevakinsky built the cathedral in 1753-1762.


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Cathedral of the Resurrection (Our Savoir-on-the-Split-Blood)
Cathedral of the Resurrection (Our Savoir-on-the-Split-Blood)

The Cathedral of the Resurrection, situated on the embankment of Griboedov canal, has the other more popular title ? Our Savior-on-the-Split-Blood. The church got this title because of the murder of the Emperor Alexander II that took place on the embankment of Griboedov Canal on the 1 March 1881.


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The Congregational Mosque
The Congregational Mosque

The Congregational mosque is situated at the Petrogradskaya side. It is the Muslim temple, turned on the South. The mosque was built on ahun?s G.Bayazitov initiative and on means of the Bokharan emir Seid-Abdul-Akhat-khan. The architect N.Vasiliev designed the mosque. He followed the example of the mausoleum Gur Amir in Samarkand. The construction of the mosque began in 1909 and was finished only in 1920.


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The Chesme Church
The Chesme Church

The Chesma church has the other title ? the church of the Nativity of the St. John the Forerunner. The church was laid in memory of the victory of the Russian fleet over the Turks in the Chesma bay in 1770. The temple was supposed to be erected on the place where the Empress Catherine II got the report of the victory in the Chesma battle. The church was laid in the 1777 by the project of G.Velten and was finished in 1780.


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The SS Peter and Paul Cathedral
The SS Peter and Paul Cathedral

St. Peter and Paul?s Cathedral was constructed by the order of Peter I in the fortress of St. Peter and Paul. It was created by D.Trezzini from 1712 till 1733. The bell tower of the temple with the steeple is the highest building in Petersburg: its height is 122,5 meters. In Petersburg there is a tradition not to construct the buildings higher than the steeple of the cathedral with the figure of angel. The temple was the example of Peter?s baroque, but was also construct by the new European traditions.


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The Armenian Church
The Armenian Church

The Armenian Apostolic church in the name of St. Catherine stands at the Nevsky prospect. It was laid in 1770 by the order of the Empress Catherine II. The Armenian community sprang up in 1710, but only in 1725 the Armenians got the permission of the Synod to construct the church.


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The Transfiguration Cathedral
The Transfiguration Cathedral

The cathedral of the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ, located on the Transfiguration square, was erected by the order of the Empress Elizabeth. She decided to give this cathedral to the Transfiguration regiment that helped her to make a palace revolution. The architect M.Zemtzov built the temple in 1743-1754. The temple was finished by P.Trezzini who added the baroque elements in the design. The iconostasis and altar were made by the project of B.Rastrelli.


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The Prince Vladimir Cathedral
The Prince Vladimir Cathedral

The Cathedral of the St. Prince Vladimir is situated at the Dobrolubov prospect. The cathedral was created near the old wooden Dormition Cathedral. The construction of the stone temple began in 1765 under Catherine II. She ordered to erect the cathedral and chose A.Rinaldi to perform the order. He created the project of the cathedral with 5 cupolas and a three-storey bell tower. By 1772 the most part of the works was finished but the fire destroyed the wooden Dormition Cathedral and damaged the stone cathedral.


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The Smolny Cathedral
The Smolny Cathedral

The Smolny Cathedral is a part of the Smolny nunnery, erected by the order of the Empress Elizabeth. In 1730-s the Empress decided to spend last years of her life in silence and peace of the nunnery. She ordered to construct the nunnery, meant for the 120 noble girls. The project of the nunnery was created by B.Rastrelli. He designed the ensemble of the nunnery with the cathedral and the two-storey habitable premises buildings.


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The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity of the Izmailovsky Life-Guards Regimemn
The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity of the Izmailovsky Life-Guards Regimemn

The Trinity cathedral of the Life Guards of the Izmailovsky regiment was raised on the place of the marching wooden temple, belonged to the Izmailovsky regiment. The wooden temple was destroyed with the flood in 1824. After that the new project of the stone temple was developed by V.Stasov on the model of the former wooden temple. The cathedral was erected from 1828 till 1835 on the means of the Emperor Nicolay I.


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The Church of the Vladimir Icon of the Motherof God
The Church of the Vladimir Icon of the Motherof God

Vladimir cathedral stands on Vladimir square. It got the status of the cathedral only in 2000. Before that the cathedral was called the Church of Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God. In 1747 the wooden church was created and Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God, painted by the evangelist Luca, gave the title to the temple.


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The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity of the St Alexandry Nevsky Monastery
The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity of the St Alexandry Nevsky Monastery

The Holy Trinity Lavra of Alexander Nevsky is an orthodox friary. There is a legend that the prince Alexander Nevsky conquered Sweden in 1240 on the place of the building of the future cloister. The friary was sanctified in the name of St. Alexander Nevsky that?s why the main treasure of the cloister was the shrine with his relics. And in 1797 the friary got its new title ? Lavra, and became the place of the pilgrimage of Romanovs house and the permanent residence of the supreme clergy.


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The Buddhist Temple
The Buddhist Temple

The Buddhist temple in Petersburg was a first Buddhist temple in Europe. The Buddhist community formed in the end of the XIX century. In 1900 the representative of the Dalai Lama in Russia Agvan Dorjiev got a permission to construct the Buddhist temple in Petersburg. The temple was erected on the means of the Dalai Lama XIII and of Dorjiev. The part of the funds was raised by Buddhists of Russia.


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