The history of the city Vyborg began in 1293 when Swedes built a castle and called it Vyborg. The castle and town around it belonged to Swedes till the XVIII century. During that period Vyborg often was at risk of an attack of the forces of Novgorod. In 1403 Vyborg got a status of the city and began an active trade with the cities of Hanse. In 1442-48 Karl Knutsson Bonde ruled in Vyborg and reconstructed the castle that became one of the most beautiful fortresses of the Swedish kingdom. In the XVI century the city developed: churches, schools and fortifications were erected.
In 1710 Peter the Great captured Vyborg and made it one of the main outposts at the border of the Russian Empire. In 1721 Vyborg was handed over to Russia officially. In 1730-s there were erected new fortifications ? Annecrown (the crown of Anna). Then Finland was annexed to the Russian Empire and Vyborg was included into the princedom of Finland. In the end of the XIX century the city developed by leaps and bounds. In 1917 the soviet government granted Finland liberty and independence and Vyborg became the second city of Finland.
In 1939 the Soviet-Finnish war began and in 1940 Vyborg was annexed to the USSR again. Nowadays Vyborg is the second largest city of Leningrad?s region. It is a unique city that combines the features of European and Russian culture.
The main attractions of Vyborg
Vyborg is a city of contrasts. Here one can find the monuments of medieval culture, of Russian and European architecture, of modern art.
Vyborg fortress is supposed to be the main attraction of the city. Fortress is dated to the XV century, and is the one monument in Russia that was attributed to European culture. Its tower ? the tower of St. Olaf ? is the main dominant of the city. One can also find in Vyborg the buildings of different epochs and styles: buildings that were constructed before XVIII century, the constructions, made in the styles of classicism, eclecticism, national romanticism and modern functionalism.
Vyborg is also well-known with its unique nature. The park Mon Repos ? landscape park on the cliffs of the gulf of Vyborg and its different sculptures and architectural constructions ? was turned into museum in 1988. The other sightseeing of Vyborg is the library of Alvar Aalto ? the Finnish designer and architect who was one of the forefathers of the style modernism in the North Europe.
Tourists can see the variety of sculptures and monuments in Vyborg such as the monument of Peter the Great and the monument of the founder of Vyborg Torgils Knutsson that were placed in the beginning of the XIX century. Nowadays Vyborg is a tourist center that enjoys wide popularity. The guests of the city are not only the foreign tourists but also Russian people from all over Russia.