Yaroslavl is an age-old city in Yaroskavskaya region. The city was founded in 1010 by the prince Yaroslav the Wise. The city is located on the bank of the Volga River and that?s why it was a big trade centre in the middle ages. Yaroslavsky Kremlin or so-called Log town, created in the form of triangle, has become administrative and spiritual centre of the city.
In the XII century St. Paul and Peter?s cloister and the cloister of the Saviour were constructed. In the XIII century first stone buildings were erected in Yaroslavl. At that time first educational institution, different churches and villages were created. Yaroslavl was often attacked by Tartars and needed protection. In 1463 Yaroslavl became a part of Moscow princedom. The XVII century was time of flourishing of the city as a trade centre. Tradespeople built new temples and cloisters, developed trade art and enriched the city. Peter I moved a trade?s path from the Volga to the Neva and that?s why Yaroslavl switched over to industry. The XVIII-XIX centuries turned into time of active development: new enterprises and factories were built; telegraph, telephone and railroads were created. Yaroslavl in the XX century under soviet power has become an industrial centre: new building was planned; new streets were formed, during the Second World War different factories began putting on sale weapons. Nowadays Yaroslavl is included into the Golden Ring ? a number of age-old cities that reflect the Old-Russian culture. Tourists from all over the world come to Yaroslavl to see its temples, cloisters and ancient buildings.
The attractions of Yaroslavl
Тourists can see in Yaroslavl different sightseeing because the city has formed as spiritual, administrative and trade centre of Yaroslavskaya region. There are 28 orthodox temples, mosque, synagogue, Lutheran church that form a spiritual culture of Yaroslavl. The main temple of the city is the Assumption cathedral, erected in 1215 and imploded in 1937. Nowadays the temple is on the reconstruction but the tourists can admire its new look. As it was said the XVII century was time of active building. The cathedral of St. Fyodor (1687), the church of the Epiphany (1693), the church of the Archangel Michael (XVII), the church of St. Nikita-Martyr with belfry in the shape of candle (XVII), the church of St. Vladimir at the place of the Crippled house (1678), the church of the Ascension (1682) and the church of the Meeting the Lord and many others are a part of the ensemble of temples of Yaroslavl. The church of St. Elijah-Prophet is supposed to be the first temple of the city because according to legend it was founded by the prince Yaroslav the Wise in the day when he founded a new city. The chapel of Kazan?s the Mother of God (1997) arouses the interest in tourists because of its unique look: the chapel is built in the form of space rocket.
There are different cloisters in Yaroslavl: the Transfiguration cloister, the Tolgsky nunnery and the Kazan cloister. The oldest monastery of Yaroslavl is the Transfiguration cloister, erected in the XII century. In 1224 the Transfiguration cathedral was created but nowadays tourists can see the cathedral, reconstructed in 1516. Nowadays the cloister is a part of the main museum of Yaroslavl and includes the Cross church, refectory, belfry, private building, former bishop?s house, the church of the wonder-workers of Yaroslavl: St?s Fyodor, David and Konstantin and the Smolensk chapel. The Tolgsky nunnery was founded as a friary in 1314 near the Tolga River. In 1987 it was turned into the nunnery. The ensemble of the nunnery consists of the temple of St. Nicolas, the church of the Exaltation of the Cross, the cathedral of the Presentation of the Holy Virgin in the Temple. The icon of the Mother of God is supposed to be the main treasure of the nunnery. The Kazan nunnery was created in 1610 in the honour of the appearance of the Kazan icon of the Mother of God. The legend says that this icon helped to get rid of Poles who attacked Yaroslavl in the beginning of the XVII century. From that time the icon is supposed to be a protector of the city but nowadays the icon is lost. The Kazan cathedral (1835) is a centre of the nunnery.
It is impossible to enumerate all attractions of Yaroslavl but we try. The variety of churches, cathedrals, chapels and cloisters makes the city a part of the Golden Ring and attracts not only tourist but also believers. Civil historical buildings and architectural ensembles such as Log town, Metropolitan?s hambers, the theatre of F.Volkov (first theatre in Russia, created in 1750), buildings, erected in different architectural styles: traditional Russian style, baroque, classicism, modern and the style of Soviet empire give tourists the opportunity to see all history of the Russian architecture in the one city. Different monuments such as the Pillar of Demidov, the monument of F.Volkov, the monument of Russian poet N.Nekrasov, the monument of Yaroslav the Wise and others tells about the history of the city and about its heroes. Having visited jazz festival that conducts every two years tourists can also be filled with the spirit of the city.
Yaroslavl amazes people from every corner of the globe with its wonderful look and spirit of history. No one can leave the city and just forget about it. Golden cupolas and beautiful buildings will stand in front of the eyes in years.